References for Electrical Stimulation Treatments for Fibromyalgia

  1. Barksy, A. & Borus, J. (1999). Functional somatic syndromes. Annals of Internal Medicine, 130, 910-921.
  2. Wessely, S., Nimnuan, C., & Sharpe, M. (1999). Functional somatic syndromes: One or many? The Lancet, 354, 936-939.
  3. Afari, N., Ahumada, S., Wright, L., et al. (2014). Psychological trauma and functional somatic syndromes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychosomatic Medicine, 76, 2-11.
  4. US Department of the Army, Office of the Surgeon General. (2010) Pain Management Task Force Final Report. Available at: Task_Force _Report.pdf. Accessed September 28, 2015.
  5. Edelstein, L. (1967). Ancient Medicine. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins Press.
  6. Lichtbroun, A., Raicer, M., & Smith, R. (2001). The treatment of fibromyalgia with cranial electrotherapy stimulation. Journal of Clinical Rheumatology, 7, 72-78.
  7. Cork, R., Wood, P., Ming, N., et al. (2003). The effect of cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) on pain associated with fibromyalgia. The Internet Journal of Anesthesiology, 8.
  8. Taylor, A., Anderson, J, Riedel, S., et al. (2013). A randomized, controlled, double-blind pilot study of the effects of cranial electrical stimulation on activity in brain pain processing regions in individuals with fibromyalgia. Explore, 9, 32-40.
  9. Kulkarni, A. (2001). The use of microcurrent electrical therapy and cranial electrotherapy stimulation in pain control. Clinical Practice of Alternative Medicine, 2, 99-102.
  10. Young, R., Kroening, R., Fulton, W., et al. (1985). Electrical stimulation of the brain in treatment of chronic pain: Experience over 5 years. Journal of Neurosurgery, 62, 389-396.